Reynald de Chatillon (1125 - 1187) was a rogue French knight and notorious pirate that served in the Second Crusade. He remained in the Holy Land after its defeat and later became aligned with the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Notably, he defeated Saladin's army at the Battle of Montgisard in 1177. Although Jerusalem's king negotiated a truce with Saladin in 1180, Reynald violated the agreement in 1182 by attacking Muslim caravans and launching ships on the Red Sea. This included attacks on the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, causing Lord Saladin great distress. Saladin was able to repel the raids and capture the pirates, but Reynald himself escaped. He was eventually captured at the Battle of Hattin. Unlike most of his prisoners, who were well-treated and often released, Saladin personally cut off Reynald's head with his own scimitar on July 4, 1187.