Civilization Tech Tree Strategy
Shwedagon Pagoda
The photo of the Shwedagon Pagoda.
RajaIcon Rise of the Rajas
Architectural StyleSouth-East Asian
ClassificationMonk & Elephant
Unique UnitsArambaiicon Arambai
Preferred StrategiesArcher Flush, Infantry Flush, Galley Rush (Gush), Forward Castle Drop, Monk Rush, Booming, Springboard (in team games)
TechnologiesCastleAgeUnique Howdah
Unique-tech Manipur Cavalry
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The Burmese are a Southeast Asian civilization based on the Pagan Empire and the later the Toungoo Empire. They are featured in Age of Empires II HD: Rise of the Rajas as a monk and elephant civilization.

The region around Burma is well known for their wide mountain ranges with vast amount of forests. The Burmese kingdoms vast resources in the forest allowed the kingdom to prosper. To reflect on this, the Burmese get free upgrades at the Lumber Camp. Buddhism played a huge influence with the Burmese, teaching the importance of humbleness, not valuing any wealth and luxuries. This is highlighted with their cheaper Monastery techs (Getting 50% off at every technology) as well as their team bonus that reveals the location of Relics on the map.


The Burmese Wonder, Shwezigon Pagoda.

The Burmese army were feared horsemen in the region that were able to hold off on their own against the Mongol invasion for a while despite their eventual defeat. More particularly, the Burmese were known for their traditional horseback dart throwing, which is reflected on their unique unit, the Arambai, and one of their unique techs, Manipur Cavalry, highlights the Burmese fierce cavalry that allows them to deal bonus damage against buildings.

The Burmese were known for their use of heavily armored elephants, which is reflected with their unique tech, the Howdah, giving Battle Elephants extra melee armor and pierce armor. And finally, the Burmese foot soldiers were trained martial artists with martial arts such as the Aka and Bando, which is reflected with their infantry getting extra attack per age.

Overview Edit

The Burmese are branded as an "Elephant and Monk civilisation", thanks to their Unique Technologies (that benefit Elephants), their cheap Monastery techs and their team bonus that reveals the position of Relics on the map, making them (Along with civilizations such as the Aztecs and Spanish) one of the best Monk civs.

Along with that, they have such a balanced variety of bonuses, a great economy (particularly at late game) and a tech tree that allows them to operate in a fashion almost as versatile as the Chinese or the Khmer, their only weakness being their poor Archery Ranges. For one, their main economic advantages are the free Lumber Camp and cheaper Monastery techs, allowing them to save resources and time; this, combined with having almost every single economic tech available (lacking only Stone Shaft Mining), can be put into good use, for stratgies such as Booming or Monk Rushes.

They boast offensively powerful infantry (almost as strong as the Aztecs'), good cavalry (though their Cavalry Archer is frail, and lacks Thumb Ring) and a moderate navy, that can still be well exploited, thanks to their Lumber Camp bonus. Their unique unit, the Arambai, adds much needed firepower (as a frail "glass cannon" unit, somewhat making up for the lack of Hand Cannoneers and Arbalests), their tanky Elephant shields other units or acts as a makeshift siege weapon (further boosting their otherwise good siege) and even their unremarkable Archery Range can sometimes be put into good use (thanks to their free Lumber Camp upgrades), but mainly at early game, or to support their mediocre defences (they lack Hoardings, Arrowslits and Bombard Towers), though their Cavalry Archer can also occasionally prove useful, as at least they receive Bracer and Parthian Tactics

Mobile forces with powerful anti-cavalry capabilities can give them a run for their money, particularly the Saracens' (Mamelukes, in particular, are a Burmese army's nemesis, as they can counter almost everything in their arsenal), and even cheap trash units such as Halberdiers can be a danger to the Burmese cavalary and Elephants. Their Monk rushes are negated by better Monk civilisations, such as the Aztecs or the Spanish, yet prove deadly against ones that count on highly expensive units, such as the Persians,Indians and the Slavs. Their potent infantry, combined with Arambai, also cope well against infantry civilisations (probably except the Incas, due to their army composition), who usually are less mobile and based on foot units. They also possess anti-rushing potential, thanks to their Feudal Age bonuses.

  • Unique Units:  Arambai (cavalry with powerful ranged attack)
  • Unique Technologies:

Civilization bonuses Edit

  • Free Lumber Camp upgrades
  • Infantry +1 attack per Age
  • Monastery techs 50% cheaper
  • Team Bonus: Relics visible on map

In-game dialogue (Burmese) Edit

Their in game language is the Burmese language, also known as myanma bhasa (မြန်မာဘာသာ).


musoe (မုဆိုး) - hunter

AI Player Names Edit

  • Anawrahta - the founder of the Pagan Empire. Considered the father of the Burmese nation, Anawrahta turned a small principality in the dry zone of Upper Burma into the first Burmese Empire that formed the basis of modern-day Burma.
  • Bayinnaung - Bayinnaung Kyawhtin Nawrahta was king of the Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1550 to 1581. During his 31-year reign, which has been called the "greatest explosion of human energy ever seen in Burma," Bayinnaung assembled the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia, which included much of modern-day Burma, Chinese Shan states, Lan Na, Lan Xang, Manipur, and Siam.
  • Binnya Dala - a court title used at the courts of the Hanthawaddy Kingdom, Toungoo Dynasty and Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom. Possibly refers to General of Hanthawaddy defeated in the Battle of Naungyo in 1538 or Chief Minister and general of Toungoo (1559–1573).
  • Kyansittha - king of Pagan dynasty of Burma from 1084 to 1112/13, and is considered one of the greatest Burmese monarchs.
  • Min Bin - king of Arakan from 1531 to 1554, "whose reign witnessed the country's emergence as a major power". Aided by Portuguese mercenaries and their firearms, his powerful navy and army pushed the boundaries of the kingdom deep into Bengal, where coins bearing his name and styling him sultan were struck, and even interfered in the affairs of mainland Burma.
  • Mingyi Nyo - the founder of Toungoo dynasty of Burma. Under his 45-year leadership (1485–1530), Toungoo (Taungoo), grew from a remote backwater vassal state of Ava Kingdom to a small but stable independent kingdom.
  • Minkhaung - a Burmese royal title, and may refer to monarchs (kings Minkhaung I/Minkhaung II/Minkhaung of Mrauk-U/Minkhaung of Prome) or viceroys of Toungoo (Minkhaung I of Toungoo/Minkhaung II of Toungoo) in late AoE II era.
  • Nanda - king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1581 to 1599. He presided over the collapse of Toungoo Empire, the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.
  • Narapati - a Burmese royal title, and may refer to: Narapati I of Ava, King of Ava, r. 1442–68; Narapati II of Ava, King of Ava, r. 1501–27; Narapati of Prome, King of Prome, r. 1532–39; Narapati III of Ava, King of Ava, r. 1545–51; and Narapati IV of Ava, King of Ava, r. 1551–55; in AoE II era.
  • Sithu - a Burmese royal title used in the days of Burmese monarchy and may refer to Sithu I/Sithu II/Sithu III/Sithu IV, kings of Pagan, Sithu of Pinya and Sithu Kyawhtin.
  • Swasawke - king of Ava from 1367 to 1400. He reestablished central authority in Upper Burma for the first time since the fall of the Pagan Empire in the 1280s. He essentially founded the Ava Kingdom that would dominate Upper Burma for the next two centuries.
  • Tabinshwehti - Tabinshwehti was king of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma from 1530 to 1550, and the founder of Toungoo Empire. His military campaigns created the largest kingdom in Burma since the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287.

Trivia Edit

  • The Burmese are the only civilization that lack Leather Archer Armor at the Blacksmith.
  • While they primarily represent the Pagan Kingdom and the Taungoo/Toungoo dynasty, they also draw influence from modern northeastern India, namely the state of Manipur, reflected in their use of the Arambai and the Manipur Cavalry unique technology. This is slightly ironic, as the Kingdom of Manipur often fought against the Burmese Empire, although also a bit justified: Manipur horsemen often fought in Burmese armies and constituted important portions of the Burmese cavalry.
  • If a player picks the Burmese civilization, the bottom middle of the navigation bar will show an image of peacock based from the royal symbol of Burmese kingdoms since the 11th century.

Gallery Edit

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