Barbarossa refers to Frederick I Barbarossa (1122–1190), who was a Holy Roman Emperor during the 12th century. The Barbarossa Campaign in Age of Empires II is a series of scenarios that follows the rise of the Holy Roman Empire under this emperor during his conquests of Eastern Europe and the crusades in the Middle East.
The player plays as the Teutons. The player color is red.
- Holy Roman Emperor
- Henry the Lion
- Pope and Antipope
- The Lombard League
- Barbarossa's March
- The Emperor Sleeping
Barbarossa personally never appears in his campaign, only in the final scenario he appears as a dead body. His hero, Frederick Barbarossa, was introduced later, in The Forgotten, and actually has nothing to do with the campaign.